Lecturer: Dilara Özer, Ph. D

Veronica Sherborne gratuaded from the Belford College of PE. At that time the teaching style was strongly didactic and the role of PE teacher was commander rather than educator. She developed her teaching style depending on Laban's movement principles. Laban's movement principles provided a framework for teachers both the successfully observe movement and also to teach movement holistically, creatively and inclusively.

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It was upon these principles of movement that Sherborne developed her movement work which she used with the students. The main principles are centred around body, space, dynamics and relations. Both Sherborne and Laban had realised the psychological effect of movement many years before research in Sport and Exercise Psychology had been considered. Her method stimulates the developmental possibilities of a child or adult by using movements. Sherborne Developmental movement which have their origins in the normal patterns of human development. has been used as a therapeutic intervention for children with special needs. This course involves both theoritical and practical part of teaching of the SDM.

Universally Designed Assistive Technologies

Lecturer: Suad Sakalli Gumus

Universally Designed assistive technologies and how they can be used in adapted physical education to maximize inclusion and accessibility.

The Miller Twins video screening

Doing more than holding the flag during the games, empowering students with disabilities through adapted physical education and use of technology/a general review of the video and discussion

Special Pedagogy of AFA

Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Eleonora Mileva, PhD

The aim of the course is to get main knowledge about special pedagogy and its applying in adapted physical activity. Main terms of special pedagogy are given. Functions of pedagogical evaluation and creation of diagnostic teams are comment.

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The tasks, the content and the concrete characteristics of the training process in disabled children are discussed. Different kinds of curricula and their pedagogical requirements are outlined. Special attention is directed to the principles and methods of training in children with special educational needs. Role of play methods and art therapy is important.

The contemporary tendencies and strategies in special education are outlined. A special topic of the course is the nature and the specificity of inclusive education and different models of inclusive education of disabled children in the mainstream school.

Physical (Motor) Therapy

Lecturer: Mirela Hristova

Cerebral Palsy

  • Definition and clinical picture of this group of multietiological conditions due to a damage of the developing brain. Characterized by motor dysfunction - disorder of movement and posture.
  • Epidemiologi, etiology and clinical picture.
  • Physucal examination and goals of the physical examination.

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  • Making the diagnosis. We must know the normal development ot the child.
  • Examinaton of  the mental status, vision and hearing, muscle strength and selective motor control, reflexes, muscle tone and involuntary movements, musculoskeletal examination
  • Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS)


  • Definiton. Rehabilitation is the name given to all diagnostic and therapeutic procedures which aim to develop maximum physical, social and vocational function in a diseased or injured person. Consists of: Physiotherapy, Occupational therapy, Bracing, Assistive devices, Adaptive technology, Sports and recreation, Environment modification.
  • Planning Rehabilitation and factors influencing rehabilitation outcome: Treatment team; Medical Problems; Child's character; The family
  • Components of child rehabilitation: Main aim; Goals of the Rehabilitation; Methods:

Therapeutic exercises help the child learn how to sit, stand, walk and use his extremities for function. The child also learns how to use his remaining potential to compensate for the movements he cannot perform. Decreasing spasticity, gaining muscle strength and improving joint alignment decrease deformity.

  • Physiotherapy
  • General principles of physiotherapy
  • Therapy methods: Stretching, range of motion; Strengthening exercises; Balance; Neurofacilitation techniques - Voijta and Bobath neurodevelopmental therapy
  • Benefits and limitations
  • Comparison between Normal development and Cerebral Palsy
  • Montessory Therapy - definition, general principies and methods
  • Ergotherapy - definition, general principies and methods


Lecturer: Petya Koseva

Presentation of the sport orienteering as a recreational sport both for people with physical and intellectual disability.

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Introduction of trail orienteering.

Conventional orienteering combines fast running with precise navigation, typically through forests or over moorland. Trail Orienteering (Trail O) is a discipline of the sport designed so that people with disabilities could have meaningful orienteering competitions. It completely eliminates the element of speed over the ground, but makes the map-interpretation element much harder. Able-bodied people can compete on equal terms with people with disability.

Students will gain the knowledge and skills necessary to adapt orienteering activities for people with disabilities. The practice will be focused on the strategies for adapting the trial orienteering for children with intellectual disability.

APA in the world and Europe

Lecturer: Stefka Djobova

Students will acquire knowledge about historical and current developments of adapted physical activity (APA) and sport for persons with disabilities. They will become informed about different organisations and their involvement in APA and sport movement for persons with disabilities (e.g. IPC, IOC, ICSSPE, IFAPA, EUFAPA, SO). Overview of the historical changes concerning exclusion, integration and inclusion and the evolution of the classification system.

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Psychomotor therapy

The students will acquire knowledge about:

  • The concept of Psychomotor therapy (PMT) and one of its main components - the relation between the body and mind;
  • Psychological effects of physical activity as well as the conditions under which these effect appear
  • Implication of PMT therapeutic techniques in specific syndromes in children and adolescents and for specific psychiatric conditions
  • Methods used within the field of psychomotor therapy such as observation, testing and the use of questionnaires

APA and ageing

The population of the European Union is ageing and some statistical predictions show that the old-age dependency ratio will double between 2000 and 2050. These demographic changes in Europe could have profound economic, financial and social implications. Sustainable development can only be achieved by a healthy population. In its turn, good health is an outcome of a healthy lifestyle in which a major contributor is physical activity.

Students will acquire:

  • Basic knowledge on current good practice in important issues of ageing, disability, physical activity and adapted physical activity
  • Basic knowledge in the area of ageing, disability, physical activity and adapted physical activity
  • Knowledge to understand and analyze the physiological and psychological changes related to age and ageing
  • Knowledge to describe and understand the factors influencing motivation and adherence to physical activity in older adults


  • Identify the specific role of PA as a vehicle for social inclusion
  • Understand and analyze the relationship between adapted PA and personal well-being
  • Recognize age-related physiological and psychological changes
  • Understand the role of physical activity in overcoming barriers to social inclusion
  • Identify enhancing and inhibiting factors influencing motivation and adherence to physical activity practice of older adults


Lecturer: Horst Strohkendl, University of Cologne & Chairperson Instructor Training Wheelchair Sports

Objectives: Experience wheelchair as a new sports equipment for all; extinguish the stigma; contribution for inclusive sporting activities

  • The teaching of basic wheelchair skills by applying detailed methodological principles, by optimizing the learning processes and by practicing in small games and slalom-obstacle courses.
  • Learn to improve wheelchair maneuvering by adaptations and compensations on wheelchairs according to remaining functional potentials of persons with physical impairments.
  • Discuss the problem of ambulating persons to accept the wheelchair as a positive equipment to participate in our societies, especially the problem of parents of physically impaired children.
  • Implications on the medical and educational paradigm in sports and rehabilitation.

The Movement Lab

Lecturer: Özlem ERGUN AÇANAL

A workshop session on communication, combining movement, rhythm and "verbal" contact...


  • Awareness of capacity in coordinating body movements with rhythm
  • Learning to act in group and ease body contact with others
  • Encourage and ensure creativity in improvised choreography

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4 hours


  • Introduction to Drama
  • Verbal Communication
  • Body Language
  • Rhythm and Movement
  • Physical Contact
  • Group Action
  • From Movement to Dance
  • Creating Art Together

APA and intellectual disability (ID)

Lecturer: Hana Válková

(approx. 4 hours)

  • APA individuals with ID within the context of historical development.
  • Specifics of the individual personality with ID (including hyper-, hypoactive, coming out of socially disadvantaged surroundings). Behavior, communication.
  • Special schools and educational programs for individuals with ID.
  • Personality and activity of a teacher leading the APA of individuals with ID.

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  • Specifics of motor skills acquisition by individuals with ID.
  • Educational aspects and diagnostic activities of APA in cases of individuals with ID.
  • Diagnostic activities of a teacher in the APA of individuals with MD.
  • Motor programs suitable for individuals with ID (recreation, school setting). Basic skills – activities (walking, running, throwing)
  • Competitive sports: Inas FID, Special Olympics.

Sports of persons with intellectual disability, Special Olympics

Lecturer: Hana Válková

(approx. 4 hours)

  • Inas -FID (normative approach ) – SO (relative approach).
  • SO philosophy, mission, characteristics – as part of olympic games network.
  • SO complementary programs (family, social – cultural, education, university, reserch – Healthy Athlete, etc.)
  • SO sports program – for all: MATP – adapted disciplines.

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  • Olympics sports/modified – olympic sports . Divisioning and Honest Effort Rule.
  • Team sports: Individual Skills Tests - Unified team sports.
  • SO volunteering.
  • SO – research

Model games – preparing practical exercises under advisory

Lecturer: Hana Válková

(approx. 2 hours)

Under construction

Education of Children with Autism

Lecturer: Yeşim FAZLIOĞLU

Autism is a syndrome that emerges in the first three years of life and is defined by apattern of qualitative abnormalities in reciprocal social interaction, communication, and repetitive interests and behaviors. One of the characteristics which is most noticeable in those young children with autism who remain severely intellectually disabled is their propensity to engage in repetitive self-stimulatory actions, such as rocking, twirling objects or flapping their hand and finger. These actions appear to have no constructive use other than to provide some sensory stimulation. This problems have shown differencies child to child. Profesional have to organized Individulal Educational Programe each child. This program must contain children needs. In this conferance will focus on behavioral and sensory approach in Children with Autism.


Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Rossitza Tzarova

Students will be introduced with the history and the development of basketball for persons with disabilities

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Wheelchair basketball is basketball played by people in wheelchairs and is considered one of the major disabled sports practiced. The International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) is the governing body for this sport. It is recognized by the International Paralympic Committee

Unified basketball - This innovative program is bringing young people together, both with and without disabilities, and it's been a life-changing experience for the family, friends, community leaders and sports fans.

Students will learn some basic sport skills and will be introduced with the principles of the team work. Successful students will be able to apply in the practice some models of potential modifications and adaptations related to equipment, rules, environment and instructions.

Sitting volleyball

Lecturer: Vera Antonova

Sitting Volleyball was introduced to the world at the Arnhem 1980 Paralympic Games

It requires a smaller court (10m x 6m) and a lower net, and the game is considerably faster than standing volleyball. It's played in a best-of-five set format, and the first to reach 25 points (with at least a 2-point lead) wins the game.

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Teams consist of mixed classes in male and female events, with six on the court at a time. At all times, an athletes' pelvis must be touching the ground, and service blocks are allowed.

Students will learn the sitting volleyball history, rules (playing area, net and posts, balls, teams and team leaders, playing format, playing actions, libero, etc.) and practical sessions which will introduce sitting volleyball to all the students.

Integration and inclusion in the Italian school system

Lecturer: Prof. ssa Viviana ZITO

In 1971 the Italian Parliament ratified the full presence of pupils with disabilities in mainstream classes in every school grade. Now almost 40 years have passed: inclusive policies and teaching and learning practices have been developed.

This lesson describes on one side some recent data about the Italian School System, its organization regarding the APA and the teacher training process

Overweight and obesity as an handicap: an epidemiological survey on height, weight, BMI and lifestyle habits of 1250 students of 16 years old

Lecturer: Prof. ssa Viviana ZITO

The important role in encouraging healthful lifestyle changes, eating healthfully and exercising every day and limiting the sedentary time sitting in front of TV and PC for people under 18 years old, especially if overweight.

This lesson shows the results of an epidemiological survey on the height, weight, BMI and lifestyle habits (food, sedentary time and sport) of 1250 students living in Taranto, a city in the south Italy.

The "prudent" diet and the "medstyle" questionnaire

Lecturer: Prof. Piero PORTINCASA

In this seminar, the audience will learn what an healthy diet is, which essential components should or should not be eaten or avoided. The concept of the "healthy pyramid food" will be illustrated, taking into account different socio-cultural and geographical differences.

Also, a simple epidemiological survey will be undertaken as practical activity, to check for most common lifestyle habits, i.e. calories, weight, fat, fiber, alcohol consumption and physical activity, by using a custom-made questionnaire (Medstyle) and a specific software (Winfood®).

The importance of healthy habits in different contexts will be emphasized.

Physical exercise: an key component of healthy diet

Lecturer: Prof. Piero PORTINCASA

In this seminar, in a simple way, the speaker will illustrate how beneficial physical activity can be in different populations, at any age, to keep the ideal weight and to preserve a healthy cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and metabolic status.

Practical activities will deal with simple calculations of Kcal burnt by several physical activities, with respect to initial health status, handicaps and food intake

Psycho social effects of physical activities and sports in mental disabilities

Lecturer: Prof. Francesco Fischetti

Under construction

Physical activities / sports and development of self-efficacy in disabled

Lecturer: Prof. Francesco Fischetti

Under construction

Sociological Aspects of APA


This course aims to address inter-disciplinary framework by communicating the perspectives of sociology of sport, disability studies and APA. Content will include some of the key concepts, theoretical approaches and shifting perspectives together with the findings necessary to know.

Human Rights


In this course international human rights instruments (as conventions, declarations) and some regional implications and reports in relation to APA will be introduced. The importance of intersecting contexts of issues (e.g. discrimination, equity, advocacy, audism, albeism) and groups (e.g. people with disabilities, ethnic minorities, women) will be also addressed.

Deaf Sport and Culture


It is aimed to introduce and recall some main issues, concepts, theories and institutions in relation to deaf sport and culture, to provide critical outline of contested perspectives, values and norms. Socio-cultural and political construction of Deaf sport institutions, Deaf community, identity development, Deaf culture, sign languages, principles and strategies to consider in various settings, future directions and APA are the issues to be interactively explained and disscussed.